The term ‘Carbon Farming’ means using agricultural and land management practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and store/capture carbon in vegetation and soils. By using the correct land management practices, farms can transition from being net carbon emitters to carbon sinks.
Carbon farming activities reduce greenhouse gas emissions in one of two ways:
- By storing carbon in soil or plants (sequestration projects)
- By reducing emissions of carbon and other harmful greenhouse gases (emission reduction or avoidance projects)
Activities such as reducing livestock emissions, increasing efficiency of fertiliser use, enhancing carbon in agricultural soil and storing carbon through revegetation and reforestation are all examples of Carbon Farming.